You have finally made the best decision to begin gardening and feel rightly overwhelmed by what is in store for you. First, congratulations! You will soon realize that gardening is such a rewarding, entertaining and healthy undertaking. To help you get the most out of your garden, below we crafted this ultimate guide on how to start a garden. The guide presents 10 gardening tips for beginners to help you kick start your journey. Have a look!
1. Decide the type of garden
You must decide very early in the planning phase the type of garden you intend to grow. What purpose will the garden serve? Is this going to be a vegetable garden, a flower garden or an herb garden? Making this decision is important since most of the other steps rely on it. For example, the type of plants you can grow in a vegetable garden are totally different from those that grow in a flower garden. Similarly, soil and maintenance requirements vary from one type of garden to another.
2. Invest in garden tools, gadgets and attire
You will also require various types of gadgets, tools and attire in your gardening work. Some of these are basic such as pruners, gardening hoe, shovels, rakes, boots and an apron. Other tools, gadgets and attire are added as time goes on. While buying tools, gadgets or attire, go for high quality products that are easy to use and long lasting.
3. Choose a location
The location for your garden will first depend on the type of garden you want to start. In addition, the right location must be conducive to the plants you will grow. As you choose a location, select a spot that has rich and well-drained soil. Sunlight exposure and watering requirements must also be considered while selecting a location for your garden. These considerations are also applicable if you are planting herbs, flowers or vegetables in pots. Moreover, it is advisable to put your garden where it is easily accessible and noticeable. Also, watch out for pets, children and wildlife. If you will fence the garden, this is the right time to do it.
4. Decide what to grow
Depending on the type of garden you start, there are several options on what you can grow. The ultimate decision will largely depend on the soil type, your climate zone, garden size and the season. Your preference will also play a role when deciding on the type of plants to grow in your garden. Once you know which plants do well in your garden, plan when to plant them. This is because different plants have different growth requirements. If you plan well, you can have plants in your garden throughout the year.
5. Decide on the design
A well designed garden provides optimum conditions for growth and allows you to express your creativity. Also, if your space is adequate, you can have a variety of plants: shrubs, trees, perennials, and annuals. While designing make an outline and envisage the garden theme. Some important factors to remember here include the space requirements, accessibility, and your lifestyle. Moreover, it is during this stage that you decide the size and type of garden bed.
6. Test the soil
Before you begin planting or establishing garden beds, you must assess the soil conditions. Soil should be tested for pH, moisture content, and nutrient levels. You can invest in a home soil testing kit when buying your gardening supplies or take soil samples to a professional lab. In addition, carry out a physical examination of the soil in your garden. Check for rocks, sod, presence of pests and anything else that will interfere with the health of your plants.
7. Prepare the soil
Once you establish that the soil is okay to start your garden, start preparing the soil. If there are rocks or sod in the location, remove them. Next gently dig the soil so that roots will penetrate easily. After digging, you will need to improve the soil with organic matter such as compost, decayed leaves, old manure or dry grass clippings. These preparations make the soil ready for plants. The preparations you make also depend on the type of plants you will grow.
8. Choosing seeds and transplants
In order to start a garden you will love, it is important to choose the right transplants or seeds. It is equally important to decide where you will get the seeds or transplants. For seeds, you can even order online if you do not find them in your local store. The right transplants or seeds also influence the health of the plants. Moreover, you should know whether to begin from seeds or from transplants when planting. Also, to save money, you can establish your own nursery for the transplants.
9. Planting seeds and transplants
Plant seeds or transplants with care. Follow the planting instructions that come with the seed packets or the transplant containers. Ensure the correct planting depth and proper spacing. Additionally, plan when to plant since plants do not have the same growth requirements. In addition, handle seedlings with care since they are mostly delicate.
10. Caring for your garden
After planting the seeds or transplants, nurturing your garden begins. Garden maintenance is an ongoing process. Caring for the garden can involve weeding, watering, pest control, applying fertilizer among other activities. Also, it is important to spend adequate time in your garden so that you will notice when any issues require attention. You will love it when your plants grow the way you envisaged. This depends on proper garden maintenance.
These important tips guide you on how to start a garden you will love. Remember that gardening is a continuous process. These guidelines help you to plan ahead. Furthermore, armed with such an ultimate guide to begin gardening, you can establish your garden easily. Go ahead and start your gardening journey today! As always, you can come back here and check more tips and resources to make your gardening undertaking a rewarding, entertaining and healthy endeavor. Wish you all the best in your garden!